North Garo Hills Committee recommends status quo on reservation policy, fears changes may be disadvantageous to Garos

Shillong, July 11: The North Garo Hills Job Reservation Policy Coordination Committee (NGHJRPCC) has recommended maintaining the status quo of the state reservation policy, arguing that any change in it would lead to further disadvantages for the Garo community.

The committee submitted its recommendations to the Expert Committee on Reservation Policy in Shillong on Thursday.

Emphasizing the need to maintain the current status quo of job reservation, Walseng N Sangma, secretary of the NGHJRPCC, highlighted the socio-economic disparity between the Garo and Khasi and Jaintia communities.


In its recommendation letter, the NGHJRPCC stated: “We urge the Committee to consider our plea to maintain the status quo of the reservation policy based on the following arguments.”

The Committee underlined that Meghalaya’s job reservation policy, rooted in Articles 15(4) and 16(4) of the Indian Constitution, is designed to ensure equitable access to employment and educational opportunities for Khasi, Jaintia and Garo communities. Despite this framework, the Garo community has reportedly received a disproportionate share of the benefits.

Citing data from the 2022 census of Meghalaya State Government employees, the committee highlighted the imbalance. “The Khasi and Jaintia community comprises 35,031 (61.69%) of the 56,790 Scheduled Tribe employees, while the Garo community accounts for only 19,874 (35%),” it said.


The letter pointed out that these figures show the plight the Garo community faces in terms of government employment. The committee further argued that the reservation policy has not been effectively implemented in spirit, which is disadvantaging the Garo people.

The NGHJRPCC expressed that a change to the current policy could disproportionately affect the Garo community and lead to social instability. They highlighted the continuing socio-economic challenges facing the Garo community, including lower literacy rates, employment rates and access to higher education, reinforcing the need to maintain the existing policy.

Their recommendations included:

Maintain the current reservation policy to ensure that the representation of the Garo community remains intact.

Conduct a comprehensive review of socio-economic data to assess the ongoing need for the reservation policy.

Considers potential legal challenges associated with policy changes that could be viewed as discriminatory.

Engage in consultation with Garo community representatives through field visits to understand their concerns and perspectives.

Read: Police arrest two HNLC sleeper agents from Mawlai & Upper Shillong


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