French Politics, It Has Come to This, by Benoît Bréville, Serge Halimi & Pierre Rimbert (Le Monde diplomatique

France’s far right right now: RN party leader Marine Le Pen and party president Jordan Bardella arrive to address activists after French election is called, Pavillon Chesnaie du Roy, Paris, June 9, 2024

Julien de Rosa · AFP · Getty

hrsOuch did we reach a point where the Rassemblement National (RN) is at the center of French politics, with the political order disintegrating? The snap election announced by Emmanuel Macron after the June 9 EU poll, in which the RN won twice as many votes as his Renaissance Party, is not only confirmation of the overwhelming failure of an “extreme center” convinced that a country can be run like a bank . Not even about the failure of its impulsive, arrogant leader, who claimed to be a bulwark against the extreme right but then opened the door for them: “If we win,” he said in Saint-Denis in March 2017, “they will collapse already the next day I have no doubt.

Macron’s impulsive decision also completes the long cycle of hypocrisy in which successive governments have condemned the effects of the rise of the far right while encouraging its causes. This cycle began when the far right first took off. The Front National’s (FN) earliest victory in local elections in 1983 coincided with France’s then-socialist government falling in line with European edicts and abandoning the policy of “breaking with capitalism” set out in its manifesto.

Although at first there was nothing to link these two phenomena, the adherence of both right- and left-wing parties to the rules of globalization, which they sometimes presented as “useful”, provided fertile ground for the UN, which received only 100,000 votes in the 1981 parliamentary elections. . As the ruling classes handed over more and more economic, monetary and legal sovereignty to supranational bodies, the public debate, which had previously focused on the divide between liberalism and socialism, took a new shape, this time around culture, security, society, identity and socialism. also civilization divisions.

The Front National, a small group founded in 1972 by supporters of the wartime Vichy regime and French Algeria, flourished in the social chaos caused by deindustrialization and mass unemployment. It converted the anger provoked by a (…)

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(1) Article 37 of the Charter of Eymet, signed in 1270 by Alphonse de Poitiers and approved in 1295 by King Philip IV (Philip the Fair), states: “The market of the aforementioned town takes place on Thursdays”.

(2) In particular, that of Marie-Martine Gervais-Aguer of Bordeaux University, “Les fondements de l’attractivité territoriale résidentile”, based on research among British residents of Aquitaine.

(3) Until 2001, Bergerac’s Roumanières airport had a connection to Paris and was used by 15,000 passengers each year. In 2002, when flights to the UK started, this rose to 65,000 passengers a year. The airport expects 213,000 passengers in 2004 and plans for 300,000 by 2006. The total population of Bergerac including the outlying suburbs is 55,000, which is the size of Inverness.

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